1. Los Angeles Times, "Study of Runaway Youths Finds One-Third Were In Foster Care," as reported in St. Louis Post-Dispatch, (January 19, 1992).
2. "Abused, Abandoned Juveniles Get Schooled for Adult Life," San Diego Daily Transcript, (October 17, 1996).
3. Sonia Nazario, "When Cries For Help Go Unheard," Los Angeles Times, (March 28, 1993).
4. Testimony of Dennis Lepak, Foster Care, Child Welfare, and Adoption Reforms, Joint Hearings before the Subcommittee on Public Assistance and Unemployment Compensation of the Committee on Ways and Means and the Select Committee on Children, Youth and Families, U.S. House of Representatives, April 13 and 28, May 12, 1988.
5. Paige Williams, "The Breakdown of North Carolina's Foster Care System," Charlotte Observer, (March 6, 1994).
6. Eileen McCaffrey, "Caught in a Twilight Zone," San Diego Union-Tribune, (April 13, 1994).
8. Testimony of Michael W. Weber, Director, Hennepin County Community Services Department, Foster Care, Child Welfare, and Adoption Reforms, Joint Hearings before the Subcommittee on Public Assistance and Unemployment Compensation of the Committee on Ways and Means and the Select Committee on Children, Youth and Families, U.S. House of Representatives, April 13 and 28, May 12, 1988, p. 196.
9. Duncan Lindsey, The Welfare of Children, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994) p. 44.
10. Michael Oreskes, "A System Overloaded: The Foster Care Crisis," New York Times, (March 15, 1987).
11. Duncan Lindsey, The Welfare of Children, p. 44.
12. Institute for Children and Poverty, Homelessness: The Foster Care Connection, (New York: Homes for the Homeless, 1993). National Coalition for the Homeless, "Breaking the Foster Care - Homelessness Connection," Sept/Oct 1998. Web downloaded from http://www.nationalhomeless.org/sn/1998/sept/foster.html, however no longer available online.
13. Fred Bayles and Sharon Cohen, "Chaos Often the Only Parent for Abused or Neglected Children," (AP) Los Angeles Times, (April 30, 1995).
14. Beth Azar, "Foster Care Has Bleak History," APA Monitor, (November, 1995).
15. Renny Golden, Disposable Children: America's Child Welfare System, (Belmont, Ca.: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1997) p. 171.
17. 1994 Green Book, see note 6.
18. Florida-5th News in Brief, United Press International News Service, as reported on Yahoo! News, (October 25, 1996).
19. Amanda Singer, Assessing Outcomes of Youth Transitioning From Foster Care, State of Utah, Department of Human Services, 2006.
20. Grappling with the Gaps: Toward a Research Agenda to Meet the Educational Needs of Children and Youth in Foster Care, Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning for The Stuart Foundation and the Ready to Succeed Leadership Team, April 2010.
21. Peter J. Pecora, Ronald C. Kessler, Jason Williams, Kirk O'Brien, A. Chris Downs, Diana English, James White, Eva Hiripi, Catherine Roller White, Tamera Wiggins, and Kate Holmes, Improving Family Foster Care, Casey Family Programs, April 2005.
22. Thomas Lovitt and John Emerson, Foster Youth Who Have Succeeded in Higher Education: Common Themes, National Center on Secondary Education and Transition, University of Minnesota, 2008. Citation to abstract is to the one available on the ERIC system.
23. Statement of Kayla VanDyke, Foster Youth, Minnesota, Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committee Hearing on ESEA Reauthorization: Meeting the Needs of Special Populations, April 29, 2010. See also the videos Kayla VanDyke's Testimony Before the Senate HELP Commitee and Sen. Franken's Questioning of Kayla VanDyke In The HELP Committee on YouTube.
24. Office of Sen. Al Franken, Minnesota Foster Youth Testifies That Franken Initiative Would Help Students In Foster Care, press release, April 29, 2010.
25. Mark E. Courtney, Amy Dworsky, JoAnn S. Lee, Melissa Raap, Gretchen Ruth Cusick, Thomas Keller, Judy Havlicek, Alfred Perez, Sherri Terao, Noel Bost, Midwest Evaluation of the Adult Functioning of Former Foster Youth, Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago, 2010.
26. Written Testimony of Marcia Robinson Lowry, Child Welfare Programs, Hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight of the Committee on Ways and Means, U.S. House of Representatives, January 23, 1995.
27. "Chaos Often the Only Parent for Abused or Neglected Children." See note 10.