Foster Care and Child Welfare
Studies, Surveys and Audits


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General - Administration for Children and Families - 2013 Audits

Neighborhood Centers, Inc., Claimed Unallowable Head Start Costs (A-06-11-00055) October 23, 2013

New York State Claimed Unallowable Community Services Block Grant Recovery Act Costs for Action for a Better Community, Inc. (A-02-11-02020) Sept 30, 2013

New York State Claimed Unallowable Community Services Block Grant Recovery Act Costs for Action for a Better Community, Inc. A-02-11-02020 , September 30, 2013

Connecticut Family Day Care Home Providers Did Not Always Comply With State Health and Safety Licensing Requirements (A-01-12-02504) Sept 23, 2013

Connecticut Family Day Care Home Providers Did Not Always Comply With State Health and Safety Licensing Requirements (A-01-12-02504) Sept 23, 2013

Not All Community Services Block Grant Costs Claimed on Behalf of the Carbon County Community Action Committee for the Period October 1, 2008, Through September 30, 2010, Were Allowable (A-07-11-02766) August 7, 2013

Rockford Human Services Did Not Always Charge Allowable Costs to the Community Services Block Grant - Recovery Act Program (A-05-12-00012)

July 1, 2013

Not All Community Services Block Grant Recovery Act Costs Claimed on Behalf of the Community Action Partnership of Natrona County for the Period July 1, 2009, Through September 30, 2010, Were Allowable. (A-07-12-02779) June 25, 2013

Center for Community and Family Services, Inc., Did Not Expend Head Start and Recovery Act Funds in Accordance With Federal Requirements (A-09-11-01006) June 19, 2013

Nebraska Improperly Claimed Some Child Care and Development Targeted Funds (A-07-12-03175) April 30, 2013

Michigan Properly Obligated and Liquidated Targeted Funds Under the Child Care and Development Fund Program (A-05-12-00062) April 26, 2013

Ohio Properly Obligated and Liquidated Targeted Funds Under the Child Care and Development Fund Program (A-05-12-00061) April 26, 2013

Not All of the Young Women's Christian Association of Metropolitan St. Louis Head Start Expenditures Were Allowable (A-07-11-02762)

April 25, 2013

Maryland Claimed Allowable Community Services Block Grant Recovery Act Costs for United Communities Against Poverty, Inc. (A-03-11-00250) April 22, 2013

Illinois Claimed Potentially Unallowable Community Services Block Grant Costs for Community Action Partnership of Central Illinois' Expenditures Under the Recovery Act (A-05-12-00018) April 17, 2013

Oregon Claimed Some Potentially Unallowable Community Services Block Grant Costs for Multnomah County's Expenditures Under the Recovery Act (A-09-11-01013) April 17, 2013

Norwalk Economic Opportunity Now, Inc., Did Not Always Charge Allowable Costs to the Community Services Block Grant and the Community Services Block Grant - Recover Act Programs (A-01-11-02510) April 16, 2013

Central Florida Community Action Agency, Inc., Did Not Always Charge Allowable Costs to the Community Services Block Grant - Recovery Act Program (A-04-11-01008) April 3, 2013

Puerto Rico Claimed Unallowable Community Services Block Grant Recovery Act Costs for Instituto Socio-Económico, Inc. (A-02-11-02015) April 1, 2013

Chicago Department of Family and Support Services Did Not Always Charge Allowable Costs to the Community Services Block Grant - Recovery Act Program (A-05-11-00083) March 8, 2013

Southeastern Tidewater Opportunity Project, Inc., Head Start Program Claimed Unallowable Costs for Grant Year April 1, 2010, Through March 31, 2011 (A-03-11-00501) Feb 28, 2013

Connecticut Properly Obligated and Liquidated Targeted Funds Under the Child Care and Development Fund Program (A-01-12-02505) Feb 21, 2013

Neighborhood House Association Claimed Allowable Head Start Costs but Did Not Maintain Adequate Internal Controls Related to Personnel, Facilities, and Subcontracts (A-09-11-01015) Feb 20, 2013

Agriculture and Labor Program, Inc., Did Not Always Charge Allowable Costs to the Community Services Block Grant - Recovery Act Program (A-04-11-01010) Feb 12, 2013

Hawaii Claimed Unallowable Community Services Block Grant Costs for Honolulu Community Action Program, Inc.'s Expenditures Under the Recovery Act (A-09-11-01007) Jan 31, 2013

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General - Administration for Children and Families - 2012 Audits

Connecticut Title IV-E Training Costs Did Not Always Comply With Federal Requirements (A-01-12-02500) Dec 17, 2012

The Child Development Council of Acadiana, Inc.'s, Financial Management Practices and Systems Did Not Always Meet Federal Requirements (A-06-11-00031) Sept 27, 2012

Northeast Florida Community Action Agency, Inc., Did Not Always Charge Allowable Costs to the Community Services Block Grant - Recovery Act Program (A-04-11-01004) Sep 26, 2012

Economic Opportunities Development Corporation of Atascosa, Karnes, and Wilson Counties' Financial Management Practices and Systems Did Not Always Meet Federal Requirements (A-06-11-00034) Sept 6, 2012

The Columbus Urban League Claimed Some Unallowable Costs to Head Start
Sept 5, 2012

Iowa Lacked Some Documentation for Its Childcare Assistance Program Claims (A-07-11-03164) Aug 20, 2012

Citizens for Citizens, Inc., Generally Charged Allowable Costs to the Community Services Block Grant Program and the Community Services Block Grant - Recovery Act Program (A-01-12-02501) Aug 22, 2012

Office of Human Concern, Inc., Claimed Allowable Costs Under a Recovery Act Grant (A-06-12-00028) Aug 22, 2013

Crowley's Ridge Development Council, Inc., Claimed Unallowable Costs Under a Recovery Act Grant (A-06-11-00058) Aug 21, 2012

Cenla Community Action Committee's Financial Management Practices and Systems Did Not Always Meet Federal Requirements (A-06-11-00032) Aug 15, 2012

William Smith, Sr., Tri-County Child Development Council, Inc.'s, Financial Management Practices and Systems Did Not Always Meet Federal Requirements (A-06-11-00036) Aug 1, 2012

Hawaii Claimed Unallowable Community Services Block Grant Costs for Hawaii County Economic Opportunity Council's Expenditures Under the Recovery Act (A-09-11-01014) July 27, 2012

New York State Claimed Allowable Community Services Block Grant Recovery Act Costs for Newburgh Community Action Committee, Inc. (A-02-11-02012) July 27, 2012

Lake County Family YMCA Claimed Unallowable Early Head Start Costs (A-05-11-00055) July 17, 2012

Central Arkansas Development Council Claimed Allowable Costs Under a Recovery Act Grant (A-06-12-00013) July 17, 2012

Hawaii Claimed Unallowable Community Services Block Grant Costs for Administrative Expenditures Under the Recovery Act (A-09-12-01000) June 20, 2012

First A.M.E. Child Development Center's Head Start Program Governance Was Not Fully in Accordance With Federal Requirements (A-09-11-01003) June 13, 2012

Results of Limited Scope Review at Childcare Learning Centers, Inc. (A-01-11-02506) June 30,2012

Long Island Child and Family Development Services, Inc.'s Financial Management System Did Not Accurately Disclose Head Start Program Results (A-02-11-02007) May 18, 2012

Iowa Improperly Claimed Some Child Care and Development Targeted Funds (A-07-11-03163) March 28, 2012

Oklahoma's Monitoring of CSBG Funds Provided to Community Action Agencies Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
March 22, 2012

Review of Community Services Block Grant Costs for the Period October 1, 2007, Through September 30, 2010, Claimed for the Greater Lawrence Community Action Council, Inc. (A-01-11-02507)

Vermont Did Not Always Follow Federal Requirements in Claiming Title IV-E Training Costs (A-01-11-02508) Feb 8, 2012

Results of Limited Scope Review at Norwalk Economic Opportunity Now, Inc. (A-01-11-02505) Jan 30, 2012

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General - Administration for Children and Families - 2011 Audits

Review of Costs Mobile Community Action, Inc., Allocated to Head Start Grant No. 04CH3465 (A-04-11-03538)`12-22-2011

Review of 24 Head Start Grantees' Compliance With Health and Safety Requirements (A-01-11-02503) 12-13-2011

Review of 83 Early Head Start Applicants Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (A-01-
10-02501) 11-10-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at Bossier Office of Community Services (A-06-11-00033) 11-07-2011

Results of Review of Spotsylvania County Schools Head Start Costs Claimed for the Period August 2008 Through July 2010 (A-03-11-00500) 11-02-2011

Recipient Capability Audit of Galveston County Community Action Council, Inc. (A-06-11-00035) 10-21-2011

Review of the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services' Title IV-E Foster Care and Adoption Assistance Training Costs (A-05-11-00039) 10-19-2011

Rollup Review on States' Reporting of Undistributable Child Support Collections as Program Income (A-05-11-00025) 09-30-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at United Community Action Program, Inc. (A-06-10-00090)
09-07-2011

Review of Maine's Title IV-E Training Costs for Federal Fiscal Years 2008 Through 2010 (A-01-11-02504) 08-31-2011

Review of Massachusetts Title IV-E Adoption Assistance Costs for Federal Fiscal Years 2006 Through 2008 (A-01-11-02500) 08-16-2011

Review of Kings Community Action Organization's Compliance With Health and Safety Regulations for Head Start Programs (A-09-11-01000) 06-17-2011

Head Start Recipient Capability Audit of Pinellas Opportunity Council, Inc. (A-04-09-07005)
05-24-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at Central Oklahoma Community Action Agency, Inc. (A-06-10-00088)
05-16-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at the CTE, Inc. (A-01-10-02505)
05-09-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at the Community Action Committee of Danbury, Inc. (A-01-10-02503)
04-07-2011

Review of Title IV-E Foster Care Costs Claimed on Behalf of Delinquent Children in Los Angeles County, California (A-09-08-00023) 04-06-2011

Florida's Monitoring of CSBG Funds Provided to Community Action Agencies Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act A-04-10-01081) 03-30-2011

Florida's Monitoring of CSBG Funds Provided to Community Action Agencies Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (A-02-10-02012) 03-25-2011

Review of Puerto Rico's Monitoring of the Community Services Block Grant Program (A-02-10-02012) 03-25-2011

Review of the United Planning Organization's Compliance With Health and Safety Regulations for Head Start Programs (A-03-09-00369) 03-24-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review of Opportunities, Inc. (A-06-10-00089) 03-24-2011

Review of West Virginia's Governor's Office of Economic Opportunity's Internal Controls for Assessing and Monitoring Community Services Block Grant Program Funds Received Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (A-03-10-00250) 03-22-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at San Luis Valley Community Action Agency (A-07-10-02766)
03-03-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at the Community Action Agency of New Haven, Inc. (A-01-10-02504) 02-28-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at Adams County Community Development (A-07-10-02765) 02-01-2011

Review of Indiana's Monitoring of the Community Services Block Grant Program (A-05-10-00060) 02-01-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at Tri-County Community Council, Inc. (A-04-10-01085) 01-25-2011

Review of Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Claims for Costs Reported by the Hamilton County Department of Job and Family Services (A-05-08-00098) 01-24-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at Instituto Socio-Economico Comunitario, Inc. (A-02-10-02015) 01-24-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at Accion Social de Puerto Rico, Inc. (A-02-10-02014) 01-24-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at P.R.I.D.E. in Logan County, Inc. (A-03-10-00253) 01-19-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at Raleigh County Community Action Association, Inc. (A-03-10-00252) 01-19-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at Nicholas Community Action Partnership, Inc. (A-03-10-00251) 01-11-2011

Review of Nevada's Monitoring of the Community Services Block Grant Program (A-09-10-01009) 01-11-2011

Results of Limited Scope Review at Capital Area Community Action Agency, Inc. (A-04-10-01083) 01-10-2011

Audit of Allegheny County Title IV-E Foster Care Claims From October 1997 Through September 2002 (A-03-08-00554) 01-04-2011


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Office of Inspector General - Foster Care Audits

State Standards and Capacity to Track Frequency of Caseworker Visits With Children in Foster Care (OEI-04-03-00350; 01/06)

State Standards and Practices for Content of Caseworker Visits With Children in Foster Care (OEI-04-03-00351; 01/06)

Children's Use of Health Care Services While in Foster Care: Common Themes (OEI-07-00-00645; 07/05)

Children's Use of Health Care Services While in Foster Care: New York (OEI-02-00-00362; 07/05)

Children's Use of Health Care Services While in Foster Care: Georgia (OEI-07-00-00644; 02/05)

Oversight of States' Subgrantee Monitoring in the Foster Care Program (OEI-05-03-00060; 01/05)

States' Monitoring of Subgrantees in the Foster Care Program: A Description of Six States? Systems (OEI-05-03-00061; 01/05)

Children's Use of Health Care Services While in Foster Care: North Dakota (OEI-07-00-00643; 09/04)

Foster Care Children's Use of Medicaid Services in Oregon (OEI-02-00-00363; 06/04)

Children's Use of Health Care Services While in Foster Care: Illinois (OEI-07-00-00642)

Children's Use of Health Care Services While in Foster Care: Texas (OEI-07-00-00641; 03/04)

Children's Use of Health Care Services While in Foster Care: Kansas (OEI-07-00-00640; 08/03)

Foster Care Children's Use of Medicaid Services in New Jersey (OEI-02-00-00360; 07/03)

Retaining Foster Parents (OEI-07-00-00601)

Recruiting Foster Parents (OEI-07-00-00600)

Independent Living Program for Foster Care Youths: Strategies for Improved ACF Management and Program Reporting (OEI-01-93-00090; 11/94)

Respite Care Services for Foster Parents (OEI-04-93-00070; 8/94)

Respite Care Services for Foster Parents: Six Case Studies (OEI-04-93-00071; 8/94)

Child Support for Children in State Foster Care (OEI-04-91-00980; 5/94)

Incorrect Distribution of Child Support Collected on Behalf of Children in Non-IV-E Foster Care (OEI-04-91-00981; 5/94)

Opportunities for ACF to Improve Child Welfare Services and Protections for Native American Children (OEI-01-93-00110; 8/94) Oversight of State Child Welfare Programs (OEI-01-92-00770; 6/94)

Using Relatives for Foster Care (OEI-06-90-02390; 7/92)

State Practices in Using Relatives for Foster Care (OEI-06-90-02391; 7/92)

Child Support for IV-E Foster Care Children (OEI-04-91-00530; 5/92)

Trends in Foster Care (OEI-01-90-00490; 1/92)

Foster Care Administrative Costs (OAI-05-87-00012; 8/87)



U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Office of Inspector General - Compliance Audits

Review of Connecticut Claims for Title IV-E Retroactive Adjustments. A-01-01-02501, February 12, 2002.

Audit of Title IV-E Foster Care Child-Care Claims at the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services' Division of Child Development for the Period November 1, 1997 to March 31, 1999. (A-04-01-00002). November 19, 2001.

Audit of Title IV-E Foster Care and Other Grants' Payments for Child Care Claims at the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services' Division of Child Development. (A-04-98-00123). April 30, 2001.

Review of Federal Nonparticipating Foster Care Costs Which the New York State Department of Family Assistance Retroactively Claimed to the Title IV-E Foster Care Program. (A-02-98-02004). April 24, 2001.

Review of Maine's Licensing of Foster Care Homes. (A-01-00-02500). January 23, 2001.

Review of Costs Claimed for Federal Financial Participation Under the Title IV-A Emergency Assistance Program by the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare for Children in Allegheny County from October 1, 1994 to September 30, 1996. (A-03-99-00596). December 5, 2000.

Review of Kinship Foster Care Costs Which the New York State Department of Family Assistance Retroactively Claimed to the Emergency Assistance Program. (A-02-99-02001). September 28, 2000.

Review of Juvenile Justice Costs and Youth Incentive Program Costs Which the New Jersey Department of Human Services, Division of Family Development Retroactively Claimed to the Emergency Assistance Program. (A-02-99-02006). August 31, 2000.

Review of Mississippi's Retroactive Claim for Foster Care Administrative and Training Costs and Maintenance Payments. (A-04-98-00126). August 10, 2000.

Review of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare Costs Claimed Under Title IV-A Emergency Assistance for Children in Youth Development Centers, Youth Forestry Camps, and Castille Contracted Detention Facilities from October 1, 1994 to September 30, 1996. (A-03-99-00594). August 9, 2000.

Review of Costs Claimed for Federal Financial Participation Under the Title IV-A Emergency Assistance Program by the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare for Children in Philadelphia County from October 1, 1994 to September 30, 1996. (A-03-98-00592). April 21, 2000.

Review of Federal Nonparticipating Foster Care Costs Which the New York State Department of Family Assistance Retroactively Claimed to the Emergency Assistance Program. (A-02-98-02002). February 29, 2000.

Review of Retroactive Adjustments Filed by Massachusetts Under the Title IV-E Foster Care Program. (A-01-98-02505). February 29, 2000.

Review of Two Selected Eligibility Requirements for New York State Title IV-E Foster Care Claims for New York City. (A-02-97-02002). February 24, 2000.

Maintenance Payments to For-Profit Child Care Providers Under the Title IV-E Foster Care Program in Illinois. (A-05-99-00004). February 23, 2000.

Missouri's Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS). (A-07-99-01040). October 8, 1999.

Ceiling for Enhanced Federal Financial Participation Exceeded by the Missouri Department of Social Services. (A-07-98-01033). March 19, 1999.

Follow-on Review of the Office of Inspector General Audit of Title IV-E Foster Care Eligibility in California. (A-09-98-00075). February 12, 1999.

Review of the State of Georgia's Independent Living Program. (A-04-97-00113). October 30, 1998.

Review of Costs Claimed Under the Title IV-A Emergency Assistance (EA) Program by the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare (DPW) for Children in the Philadelphia Department of Human Services (DHS) Juvenile Justice System from January 1, 1996 through June 30, 1996. (A-03-98-00590). September 1, 1998.

Retroactive Claims Under the Title IV-E Foster Care Program in Indiana. (A-05-97-00026). January 22, 1998.

Audit of California Department of Social Services Rate-Setting Methodology for Foster Family Agencies. (A-09-96-00082). November 17, 1997.

Review of Foster Care Claims Reclassified by the State of Alabama. (A-04-97-00111). October 31, 1997.

Follow-up Review of State Agency Comments on Audit of Title IV-E Payments to Child Placing Agencies, Indiana Family and Social Services Administration. (A-05-97-00056). September 24, 1997.

Audit of Training Contract Costs Claimed for Federal Reimbursement by the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services. (A-10-96-00004). September 4, 1997.

Foster Care Training Administrative Costs Claimed for Federal Reimbursement by the California Department of Social Services. (A-09-96-00066). September 4, 1997.

Training Costs Claimed By Kansas Under the Title IV-E Foster Care Program. (A-07-97-01028). August 28, 1997.

Payments to Child Placing Agencies Under Title IV-E Foster Care Program, Indiana Family and Social Services Administration. (A-05-96-00055). June 27, 1997.

Review of Title IV-E Training Costs, Michigan Family Independence Agency. (A-05-96-00043). June 17, 1997.

Report of Costs Allocated to the Title IV-E Foster Care Program. (A-07-97-01027). June 11, 1997.

Summary Report on Nationwide Audit of Training Contract and Administrative Costs Charged to Department of Health and Human Services Supported Programs. (A-02-95-02002). April 25, 1997.

Allocation of Title IV-E Training Costs - Illinois Department of Children and Family Services. (A-05-96-00013). August 20, 1996.

Audit of Training Contract Costs Claimed for Federal Reimbursement by the California Department of Social Services. (A-09-95-00056). August 9, 1996.

Maintenance Payments Retained by Child Placing Agencies in the Texas Foster Care Program. (A-06-95-00035), February 6, 1996.

Review of Rising Costs in the Emergency Assistance Program. (A-01-95-02503), October 6, 1995.

Improvements Needed in Monitoring Child Placing Agencies in the Texas Foster Care Program. (A-06-94-00041), August 5, 1995.

Audit of Title IV-E Foster Care Eligibility in California for the Period October 1, 1988 through September 30, 1991
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General, Audit A-09-92-00086, March 18, 1994.

Review of Retroactive Foster Care Title IV-E Claims Submitted by the Missouri Department of Social Services.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General, Audit (A-07-92-00601, March 8, 1994.



U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Office of Inspector General - Child Welfare Audits

Division of Unaccompanied Children?s Services: Efforts To Serve Children (OEI-07-06-00290)

Federal Efforts to Address Applicable Child Abuse and Sexual Abuse Reporting Requirements for Title X Grantees (OEI-02-03-00530; 04/05)

A Review of HHS Children's Programs (OEI-12-91-01510; 3/92)

Opportunities for ACF to Improve Child Welfare Services and Protections for Native American Children (OEI-01-93-00110; 8/94)

Oversight of State Child Welfare Programs (OEI-01-92-00770; 6/94)

Accreditation of Public Child Welfare Agencies (OEI-04-94-00010; 3/94)

Prenatal Substance Exposure: State Child Welfare Laws and Procedures (OEI-03-90-02000; 5/92)

Crack Babies (OEI-03-89-01540; 6/90)

Crack Babies: Selected Model Practices (OEI-03-89-01542; 6/90)

Boarder Babies (OEI-03-89-01541; 6/90)



Government Accountability Office (Formerly the General Accounting Office)

Foster Care: State Practices for Assessing Health Needs, Facilitating Service Delivery, and Monitoring Children's Care, GAO-09-26, February 6, 2009.

African American Children in Foster Care: HHS and Congressional Actions Could Help Reduce Proportion in Care, GAO-08-1064T, July 31, 2008.

Child Welfare: HHS Actions Would Help States Prepare Youth in the Foster Care System for Independent Living, GAO-07-1097T, July 12, 2007.

African American Children In Foster Care: Additional HHS Assistance Needed to Help States Reduce the Proportion in Care, GAO-07-816, July 11, 2007.

Child Welfare: Additional Federal Action Could Help States Address Challenges in Providing Services to Children and Families, GAO-07-850T, May 15, 2007.

Child Welfare: Improving Social Service Program, Training, and Technical Assistance Information Would Help Address Long-standing Service-Level and Workforce Challenges, GAO-07-75, October 6, 2006.

D.C. Child and Family Services Agency: Performance Has Improved, but Exploring Health Care Options and Providing Specialized Training May Further Enhance Performance, GAO-06-1093, September 28, 2006.

Foster Care and Adoption Assistance: Federal Oversight Needed to Safeguard Funds and Ensure Consistent Support for States' Administrative Costs, GAO-06-649, June 15, 2006.

Child Welfare: Federal Oversight of State IV-B Activities Could Inform Action Needed to Improve Services to Families and Statutory Compliance, GAO-06-787T, May 23, 2006.

District of Columbia: Federal Funds for Foster Care Improvements Used to Implement New Programs, but Challenges Remain, GAO-05-787, July 22, 2005.

Administrative Expenditures and Federal Matching Rates of Selected Support Programs, GAO-05-839R, June 30, 2005.

Child Welfare: Better Data and Evaluations Could Improve Processes and Programs for Adopting Children with Special Needs, GAO-05-292, June 13, 2005.

Indian Child Welfare Act: Existing Information on Implementation Issues Could Be Used to Target Guidance and Assistance to States, GAO-05-290, April 4, 2005.

Foster Youth: HHS Actions Could Improve Coordination of Services and Monitoring of States' Independent Living Programs, GAO-05-25, November 18, 2004.

D.C. Child And Family Services Agency: More Focus Needed on Human Capital Management Issues for Caseworkers and Foster Parent Recruitment and Retention, GAO-04-1017, September 24, 2004.

D.C. Family Court: Operations and Case Management Have Improved, but Critical Issues Remain, GAO-04-685T, April 23, 2004.

Child and Family Services Reviews: Better Use of Data and Improved Guidance Could Enhance HHS's Oversight of State Performance, GAO-04-333, April 20, 2004.

Child Welfare: Improved Federal Oversight Could Assist States in Overcoming Key Challenges, GAO-04-418T, January 28, 2004.

Child Welfare: States Face Challenges in Developing Information Systems and Reporting Reliable Child Welfare Data, GAO-04-267T, November 19, 2003.

Child Welfare: Enhanced Federal Oversight of Title IV-B Could Provide States Additional Information to Improve Services, GAO-03-956, September 12, 2003.

Child Welfare: Most States Are Developing Statewide Information Systems, but the Reliability of Child Welfare Data Could Be Improved, GAO-03-809, July 31, 2003.

Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice: Several Factors Influence the Placement of Children Solely to Obtain Mental Health Services, GAO-03-865T, July 17, 2003.

D.C. Child and Family Services: Better Policy Implementation and Documentation of Related Activities Would Help Improve Performance, GAO-03-646, May 27, 2003.

D.C. Child and Family Services: Key Issues Affecting the Management of Its Foster Care Cases, GAO-03-758T, May 16, 2003.

Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice: Federal Agencies Could Play a Stronger Role in Helping States Reduce the Number of Children Placed Solely to Obtain Mental Health Services, GAO-03-397, April 21, 2003.

Foster Care: States Focusing on Finding Permanent Homes for Children, but Long-Standing Barriers Remain, GAO-03-626T, April 8, 2003.

District of Columbia: Issues Associated with the Child and Family Services Agency's Performance and Policies, GAO-03-611T, April 2, 2003.

Child Welfare: HHS Could Play a Greater Role in Helping Child Welfare Agencies Recruit and Retain Staff, GAO-03-357, March 31, 2003.

Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: Department of Health and Human Services, GAO-03-101, January 1, 2003.

Foster Care: Recent Legislation Helps States Focus on Finding Permanent Homes for Children, but Long-Standing Barriers Remain, GAO-02-585, June 28, 2002.

District of Columbia Child Welfare: Long-Term Challenges to Ensuring Children's Well-Being.
GAO-01-191. December 29, 2000.

Child Welfare: New Financing and Service Strategies Hold Promise, but Effects Unknown.
GAO/T-HEHS-00-158. July 20, 2000.

Foster Care: HHS Should Ensure That Juvenile Justice Placements Are Reviewed.
GAO/HEHS-00-42. June 9, 2000.

Foster Care: Status of the District of Columbia's Child Welfare System Reform Efforts.
GAO/T-HEHS-00-109. May 5, 2000.

Foster Care: States' Early Experiences Implementing the Adoption and Safe Families Act.
GAO/HEHS-00-1. December 22, 1999.

Foster Care: Effectiveness of Independent Living Services Unknown.
GAO/HEHS-0013. November 10, 1999.

Foster Care: HHS Could Better Facilitate the Interjurisdictional Adoption Process.
GAO/HEHS-00-12. November 19, 1999.

Management Reform: Elements of Successful Improvement Initiatives.
GAO/T-GGD-00-26. October 15, 1999.

Foster Care: Challenges in Helping Youths Live Independently.
T-HEHS-99-121. May 13, 1999.

Foster Care: Kinship Care Quality and Permanency Issues.
GAO/HEHS-99-32. May 6, 1999.

Foster Care: Increases in Adoption Rates.
GAO/HEHS-99-114R. April 20, 1999.

Social Service Privatization: Ethics and Accountability Challenges in State Contracting.
HEHS-99-41. April 5, 1999.

Juvenile Courts: Reforms Aim to Better Serve Maltreated Children.
GAO//HEHS-99-13. January 11, 1999.

Child Welfare: Early Experiences Implementing a Managed Care Approach.
GAO/HEHS-99-8. October 21, 1998.

Foster Care: Agencies Face Challenges Securing Stable Homes for Children of Substance Abusers.
GAO/HEHE-98-182. September 30, 1998.

Foster Care: Challenges Faced in Implementing the Multiethnic Placement Act.
T-HEHS-98-241. September 15, 1998.

Foster Care: Implementation of the Multiethnic Placement Act Poses Difficult Challenges.
GAO/HEHS-98-204. September 14, 1998.

Healthy Start: Preliminary Results From National Evaluation Are Not Conclusive.
GAO/HEHS-98-167. June 15, 1998.

Parental Substance Abuse: Implications for Children, the Child Welfare System, and Foster Care Outcomes.
T-HEHS-98-40. October 28, 1997.

Social Service Privatization: Expansion Poses Challenges in Ensuring Accountability for Program Results.
GAO/HEHS-98-6. October 20, 1997.

Child Protective Services: Complex Challenges Require New Strategies.
GAO/HEHS-97-115. July 21, 1997.

Foster Care: State Efforts to Improve The Permanency Planning Process Show Some Promise.
GAO/HEHS-97-73. May 7, 1997.

Foster Care: State Efforts to Expedite Permanency Hearings and Placement Decisions.
GAO/T-HEHS-97-76. February 27, 1997.

Child Welfare: States' Progress in Implementing Family Preservation and Support Services.
GAO/HEHS-97-34. February 18, 1997.

Cycle of Sexual Abuse: Research Inconclusive About Whether Child Victims Become Adult Abusers.
General Accounting Office, Letter Report, GAO/GGD-96-178, September 13, 1996.

Preventing Child Sexual Abuse: Research Inconclusive About Effectiveness of Child Education Programs
General Accounting Office, Letter Report, GAO/GGD-96-156, July 26, 1996.

Sex Offender Treatment: Research Results Inconclusive About What Works to Reduce Recidivism
General Accounting Office, Letter Report, GAO/GGD-96-137, June 21, 1996.

At-Risk and Delinquent Youth: Multiple Federal Programs Raise Efficiency Questions.
GAO/HEHS-96-34. March 6, 1996.

Child Welfare: Complex Needs Strain Capacity to Provide Services.
GAO/HEHS-95-208. September 26, 1995.

Child Welfare: Opportunities to Further Enhance Family Preservation and Support Activities.
GAO/HEHS95-112. June 15, 1995.

Foster Care: Health Needs of Many Young Children Are Unknown and Unmet.
GAO/HEHS-95-114. May 26, 1995.

Foster Care: Parental Drug Abuse Has Alarming Impact on Young Children.
GAO/HEHS-94-89. April 4, 1994.

Residential Care: Some High-Risk Youth Benefit, But More Study Needed.
HEHS-94-56. January 28, 1994.

Foster Care: Federal Policy on Title IV-E Share of Training Costs.
GAO/HRD-94-7. November 3, 1993.

Foster Care: Services to Prevent Out-of-Home Placements Are Limited by Funding Barriers.
HRD-93-76. June 29, 1993.

Foster Care: State Agencies Other Than Child Welfare Can Access Title IV-E Funds.
HRD-93-6. February 9, 1993.

Integrating Human Services: Linking At-Risk Families With Services More Successful Than System Reform Efforts.
HRD-92-108. September 24, 1992.

Child Abuse: Prevention Programs Need Greater Emphasis.
HRD-92-99. August 3, 1992.

Child Abuse and Neglect: Progress of the National Center Since May 1991.
T-HRD-92-14. February 27, 1992.

Implementation of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1988 by the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect.
T-HRD-91-29. May 9, 1991.

Drug Exposed Infants: A Generation at Risk.
T-HRD-90-46. June 28, 1990.

Foster Care: Delayed Follow-Up of Noncomplying States May Reduce Incentive for Reform.
PEMD-89-16. September 13, 1989.

Foster Care: Incomplete Implementation of the Reforms and Unknown Effectiveness.
PEMD-89-17. August 14, 1989.

Meeting the Needs of Children in a Home-Based Setting.
T-HRD-89-30. June 20, 1989.

Foster Care: Preliminary Report on Reform Effects.
PEMD-89-23BR. June 1, 1989.

Children's Programs: A Comparative Evaluation Framework and Five Illustrations.
PEMD-88-28BR. August 31, 1988.

Clinical Social Work: State Laws Governing Independent Practice and Reimbursement of Services.
HRD-86-55FS. February 21, 1986.

Residential Care: Patterns of Child Placement in Three States.
PEMD-85-2. June 28, 1985.


Children's Bureau, Child and Family Services Reviews, State Final Reports

The HTML versions of these reports may be viewed online with any browser, while the PDF versions require the Adobe Acrobat Reader.

The Children's Bureau conducted comprehenive reviews in all 50 states during the early 2000s. Not one state passed the reviews, which addressed matters as basic as safety and permanency in state care, as well as services provided to children and their families. Included here are the complete reports covering compliance and other vital issues.

Children's Bureau Child Welfare Reviews


Miscelleaneous Child Welfare & Foster Care Reports

LITTLE HOOVER COMMISSION REPORTS

For The Sake Of The Children: Restructuring Foster Care In California, (Report #115, April 9, 1992)

Now in Our Hands: Caring For California's Abused and Neglected Children. (Report #152, August 1999)

Still in Our Hands: A Review of Efforts to Reform Foster Care in California, (Report #168, February 2003)

Real Lives, Real Reforms: Improving Health and Human Services (Report #173, May 2004)

MISCELLANEOUS OTHER REPORTS

Fifteen Years of Failure: An Assessment of California's Child Welfare System
Justin Matlick, Pacific Research Institute, March, 1997.

The State of the Children: An Examination of Government-Run Foster Care, Conna Craig and Derek Herbert, Institute for Children, National Center for Policy Analysis, August, 1997.

Michael T. Skrak, Office of New York State Senator Franz S. Leichter, New York State Abandons Victims of Institutional Child Abuse, September, 1993.

Foster Care Services, Department of Human Services, Performance Audit, Office of the State Auditor, Legislative Audit Committee, Colorado, May 2007. PDF report

Foster Care Financial Activities, Performance Audit, Department of Human Services, Office of the State Auditor, Legislative Audit Committee, Colorado, September 2007. Complete report PDF.

Department of Human Services, Foster Care Program, Office of the State Auditor, Legislative Audit Committee, Colorado, June 2002. Complete report PDF.

Central Registry of Child Protection, Department of Human Services Performance Audit, Legislative Audit Committee, Colorado, November 2001. PDF report

Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Children, Youth and Families: Foster Family Care Program, Legislative Budget Assistant Office, New Hampshire. September 2001.

A Performance Audit of the Office of the Guardian ad Litem, Performance Audit, Report Number 2005-01, Utah, February 2005. PDF file

A Performance Audit of the Utah Foster Care Foundation, Legislative Auditor General, Report Number 2002-4, State of Utah, June 2002. Complete report in PDF format.

A Performance Audit of Child Welfare Caseworker Workload, Legislative Auditor General, Report Number 2002-54, State of Utah, September 2002. Complete report in PDF format.

A Performance Audit of Utah's Adoption Assistance Program, Legislative Auditor General, Report Number 2001-03, State of Utah, January 2001. Complete report in PDF format.

Cohort 2: A Study of Families and Children Entering Foster Care 1991-1993
Child Welfare Partnership, Portland State University, Graduate School of Social Work.

A Review of Family Preservation and Family Reunification Programs
Westat, Inc. in association with James Bell Associates, Inc., and The Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago, For the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, May 30, 1995.

A Synthesis of Research on Family Preservation and Family Reunification Programs.
Julia H. Littell and John R. Schuerman, Westat, Inc., in association with James Bell Associates, and the Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago. A part of the National Evaluation of Family Preservation Services for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. May, 1995.
Executive Summary.

Intensive Family Reunification Programs.
Ariel Ahart, Ruth Bruer, Carolyn Rutsch, Richard Schmidt, and Susan Zaro, Macro International, Inc., For the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, June 30, 1992.
Executive Summary.

Child Abuse and Neglect Proceedings in Illinois Jurisdictions Outside Cook County: A Descriptive Report.
Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago. Report focuses on court proceedings in parts of Illinois other than Cook County. May 1997. Available in Text or in Word Perfect format.

Timeliness and Delay in the Cook County Juvenile Court Child Protection Division.
Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago. Report focuses on court proceedings in Cook County. January 1997. Available in Text or in Word Perfect format.

Assessment and Recommendations for Improving Child Abuse and Neglect Proceedings in Montana Courts.
Montana Supreme Court, Office of the Court Administrator. December 1996. Available in Text or in Word Perfect format.

Improving the Court Process for Alaska's Children in Need of Aid.
Alaska Judicial Council. October 1996. Available in Text or in Word Perfect format.

Juvenile Justice: Status of Delinquency Prevention Program and Description of Local Projects
Letter Report, GAO/GGD-96-147, August 13, 1996.

Human Services Administration, Minnesota Office of the Legislative Auditor, Program Evaluation Division, January 29, 2007.

Child Care Reimbursement Rates, Minnesota Office of the Legislative Auditor, Program Evaluation Division, January 11, 2005.

Juvenile Out-of-Home Placement,
Minnesota Office of the Legislative Auditor, Program Evaluation Division, Report Number: 99-02, January 11, 1999.
Report examines Minnesota's locally-administered juvenile out-of-home placement system. It documents the reasons for placements and assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the system.

Child Protective Services,
Minnesota Office of the Legislative Auditor, Program Evaluation Division, Report Number 98-01. January 13, 1998.
Of particular interest is that this audit found the child fatality data was unreliable, to the extent that it reported twice the number of child fatalities which actually occurred over a two year period.

Arizona Department of Economic Security, Division of Children,Youth and Families
Office of the Auditor General, Report No. 97-18, November, 1997. (Temporarily offline)

Child Abuse and Neglect in California
Legislative Analyst's Office, January, 1996.

Child Welfare System
Utah Legislative Auditor General, December, 1993.
Download complete PDF report.


GRAND JURY REPORTS

Interim Report of the Spring Term 2001 Grand Jury, Broward County Grand Jury, Florida, October 4, 2001.

San Luis Obispo County Grand Jury, California, The Safety and Best Interest of Children, June 2004. PDF

2002 - 2003 Nevada County, California, Grand Jury, Foster Care Policies and Procedures, June 30, 2003. PDF.

2002 - 2003 Nevada County, California, Grand Jury, Child Abuse Reporting Procedure, June 16, 2003. PDF.

1996 - 97 San Francisco Civil Grand Jury, Juvenile Justice System, 1997. (Temporarily offline).

2000 - 2001 Sacramento County Grand Jury, Transitional Assistance For Aging-Out Foster Children, Section in Final Report (Internet Version) June 30, 2001.

2000 - 2001 Sacramento County Grand Jury, Recruitment and Retention of Foster Parents, Section in Final Report (Internet Version) June 30, 2001.

1992 - 1993 Santa Clara County Grand Jury, Investigation: Department Of Family And Children's Services, Final Report. 1993.

County of Tom Green, Texas, Grand Jury Report, December 7, 1987.


1991 - 1992 SAN DIEGO COUNTY GRAND JURY
The San Diego County Grand Jury reports are among the more comprehensive of the earlier examinations of the child welfare, foster care and juvenile justice systems conducted by an jury.

Families in Crisis
Report No. 2. February 6, 1992.

Families in Crisis, Supplement
June 29, 1992.

The Crisis in Foster Care
Report No. 7. June 29, 1992

Child Sexual Abuse, Assault, and Molest Issues
Report No. 8. June 29, 1992.


RELATED RESEARCH

Marisol v. Giuliani Civil Complaint.
Includes detailed account of agency operations and comprehensive history of the New York City child welfare system.

Superior Court of Arizona, Maricopa County, Bogutz v. Arizona, 2nd amended civil complaint, No. CV94-04159. July 1994.

United States District Court for the District of Columbia, Lashawn v. Dixon, decision, Civil Action No. 89-1754, 762 F. Supp. 959; 1991 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 5300, (April 18, 1991).

Kara B. & Mikaela R. v. Dane County, Dane County Department of Human Services, its Agents and Assigns, Decision, Case Nos. 94-1081 & 94-2908, November 2, 1995.

United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, decision, Neal v. Casey, Docket No. 94-1381, December 22, 1994.

Federal Law Enforcement: Investigative Authority and Personnel at 13 Agencies
General Accounting Office, Letter Report, GAO/GGD-96- 154, September 30, 1996.

Characteristics and Sources of Allegations of Ritualistic Child Abuse.
Gail Goodman, Final Report to the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, Grant No. 90CA1405.
Executive Summary.



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